Showing posts with label Regulations and Professional Turf Wars. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Regulations and Professional Turf Wars. Show all posts

Saturday, January 03, 2015

A Wide Range Discussion with Dr. Fred Quarnstrom: Dental Ethics, Regulations and Professional Turf Wars


A Wide Range Discussion with Dr. Fred Quarnstrom: Dental Ethics, Regulations and Professional Turf Wars


clip_image002By: Michael W. Davis, DDS

Dr. Michael W. Davis practices in Santa Fe, NM. He currently chairs the district dental society peer-review committee, and is active as an expert witness on dental legal cases. He has authored numbers of articles relating to clinical dentistry, dental ethics, and protections for the public.



clip_image004With an extensive education and history in the dental profession, Dr. Fred Quarnstrom has been an outspoken advocate for the public when it comes to their dental healthcare. For decades, Dr. Quarnstrom has often taken a heroic stand in protecting the public which often times lands him on the opposite side of fellow professionals and dental organizations.

Recognized as an expert, Dr. Quarnstrom’s many accomplishments include: his current private practice, a faculty member at 3 dental schools, quality assurance consulting, independent expert testimony, and speaker. He has also held positions on what is the equivalent to the dental board in Washington state and Western Regional Examining Board. Dr. Quarnstrom graduated from the University of Washington in 1964 and completed a residency program in General Anesthesia at Washington Hospital Center, Washington D.C. in 1967.


Dr. Davis: Dr. Quarnstrom, a number of years ago, you completed a residency program in anesthesiology. You went on to utilize sedation services for your patients, and taught sedation courses, to fellow dental professionals. We both see how dental sedation can be a very helpful adjunct in the practice of dentistry.

What concerns do you have relating to weekend seminar sedation courses, often offered hotel conference rooms? What are the dangers to the public, as well as professionals offering sedation, for marginally trained and minimally emergency equipped dental clinics? Do you have specific concerns relating to the public health and safety; is the public being protected or it is buyer beware? What are the regulating agencies who are setting the standards and rules, and do you feel there is “agency capture” at work?

Are you concerned that it seems violators of sedation rules and regulations of state dental boards, far too often receive little or no disciplinary actions, and what advice do you have for state dental boards?

What advice can you offer to the public, whereby they can more actively protect themselves and their families? What advice do you have for the professional who chooses to offer sedation to patients?

Dr. Quarnstrom: First, I along with a Doctor of Pharmacy and a Professor Emmeritis teach weekend courses in the use of nitrous oxide and oral CONSCIOUS sedation. There is heavy emphasis on CONSCIOUS. We do not teach multiple drugs. When you add a little of drug A plus a little of Drug B plus maybe a little of drug C, D, and/or E. There is simply no research to suggest what the results will be. Personally, I have taught 245 nitrous oxide courses and 110 oral conscious sedation courses. image

Nitrous Oxide is very safe. You really only need to know a few things. Never give more than 50% nitrous for more than a minute. Always check your system to be sure the gases have not been switched.

I know of one near death from switched gas in a surgery office doing IV sedation/general anesthesia and another 70 cases, where gases were switched but there was no damage to the patient.

In the oral surgery office the one patient was under general anesthesia. The surgeon expected him to be unconscious. He discounted the fact that the pulse oximeter reading dropped as low as 35%. His staff had asked him several times if they should call the paramedics. The third time he agreed. But the oxygen levels had been very low for too long. 95% to 98% is the normal saturation at sea level. You should get concerned if it drops to 90%. The patient who was an a student and star athlete ended up with severe neurologic and vision problems. 

In the other 70 cases patients either got too relaxed or went to sleep.The dentists have been taught when this  happens you should take the mask off and get them breathing room air and they quickly returned to normal with no residual problems. I published research 15 years ago to show it was safe to do this. If a dentist insisted on giving the patient 100% Oxygen and the gas lines are switched they would be giving 100% nitrous oxide. You need a minimum of 30% oxygen when being sedated preferably it would be 70 to 80% oxygen. I have taught for 40 years— “if something is wrong take the mask off”. 

The final thing you need to know. IF THE PATIENT BECOMES UNCONSCIOUS OR STOPS REACTING TO VERBAL COMMAND, TAKE OFF THE MASK. If in doubt it is never wrong to call 911. My patients who are paramedics plead with me to tell the dentists at our courses that they will not get into trouble for calling 911. As they state, “Our save record goes way up if we get there while the patient is still alive”.The ADA guidelines and most states require a 14 hour course to administer nitrous oxide sedation.